There are three types of rental homes: ongemeubileerd (unfurnished), gestoffeerd (partly furnished) and gemeubileerd (fully furnished).
Sociale huurwoning (social housing) is generally only available to low income families, and there are long waiting lists for properties. Due to these long waiting lists (many years), it is very difficult for expats to rent such a housing. If you do qualify for social housing, you may also qualify for a huurtoeslag (housing benefit).
The maximum rent and the annual rent increase is always limited by law.
Please note that the mentioned requirements may vary if you are between 18-23 years old or you receive the AOW pension. Find the last up-to-date information regarding the income and eligibility requirements for the house benefit here (in Dutch only).